Nehru Report in Urdu pdf 16
Nehru Report was a memorandum outlining a proposed new dominion status constitution for India. It was prepared by a committee headed by Motilal Nehru in 1928. The committee included nine other members, two of whom were Muslims, Syed Ali Imam and Shoaib Qureshi. The report was presented to the All Parties Conference in August 1928, but it failed to win the support of the Muslim League and other minority groups. The report is considered as one of the important documents in the history of the Indian independence movement.
In this article, we will provide a summary of the Nehru Report in Urdu language, along with a link to download the pdf file of the report. We will also discuss the main features, merits and demerits of the report, and its impact on the Indian politics.
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Summary of Nehru Report in Urdu
Nehru Report ka naam Motilal Nehru ke bete Jawaharlal Nehru se liya gaya tha. Ye report Bharat ke liye ek naye dominion status ka dastavez tha. Is report ko 1928 mein ek committee ne tayyar kiya tha, jisme Motilal Nehru ke alawa dusre nau sadasye bhi shamil the. Inme se do Musalman bhi the, Syed Ali Imam aur Shoaib Qureshi. Ye report August 1928 mein All Parties Conference ko pesh ki gayi thi, lekin iska Muslim League aur dusre aqliyaton ka samarthan nahi mila. Is report ko Bharat ki azadi ki tehreek ka ek ahem dastavez mana jata hai.
Is article mein hum Nehru Report ka Urdu mein khulasa denge, aur iski pdf file download karne ka link bhi denge. Hum is report ke mukhya visheshan, shrey aur dosh, aur Bharatiya rajniti par iske prabhav par bhi baat karenge.
Nehru Report ka Urdu mein khulasa is tarah hai:
Ye report Bharat ko ek dominion status dene ki sifarish karti thi, jiska matlab tha ki Bharat British samrajya ka hissa rahega, lekin apni andaruni mamlaat mein azad hoga.
Ye report ek kendra shasit sanghiya sarkar ka nirman karna chahti thi, jisme sabhi rajyon ko apna pratinidhitva milta.
Ye report ek sansadi pranali ka anuyayi thi, jisme pradhan mantri aur chhe mantriyon ki ek gabinat hoti, jo governor general dwara niyukt ki jati.
Ye report ek adhikar ghoshna ka bhi hissa thi, jo har nagrik ko dharm aur zameer ki azadi, samanta, nyay aur shanti ka adhikar deta.
Ye report angrezi ko Bharat ka rashtriya bhasha banane ki sifarish karti thi, lekin har rajya ko apni matribhasha ka istemal karne ki ijazat deti thi.
Ye report aqliyaton ke adhikaron ki raksha karne ke liye kuch upay bhi batati thi, jaise ki alag se vote dalne ka haq, alag se seaton ka aarakshan, alag se shiksha aur dharmik sansthaon ka prabandhan.
Ye report Bharat ke savidhan ke liye ek ruprekha prastut karti thi, jisme Bharat ke rashtrapati, sansad, nyaypalika aur rajyon ke vidhan sabha aur vidhan parishad ke bare mein bataya gaya tha.
Nehru Report ki pdf file Urdu mein yahan se download kar sakte hain: [Nehru Report in Urdu pdf]
Main Features of Nehru Report
The Nehru Report had the following main features:
It recommended the grant of dominion status to India, which meant that India would remain a part of the British empire, but would be autonomous in its internal affairs.
It proposed the establishment of a federal system of government with a strong center, where all the provinces would have their representation.
It advocated a parliamentary system of government, where a cabinet of a prime minister and six ministers would be appointed by the governor general.
It included a declaration of rights, which guaranteed every citizen the freedom of conscience and religion, equality, justice and peace.
It suggested English as the national language of India, but allowed every province to use its own mother tongue.
It devised some measures to protect the rights of the minorities, such as separate electorates, reserved seats, separate management of education and religious institutions.
It outlined a draft constitution for India, which described the president of India, the parliament, the judiciary and the provincial legislatures and councils.
Merits and Demerits of Nehru Report
The Nehru Report had some merits and demerits, which are discussed below:
It was the first attempt by the Indian leaders to frame a constitution for themselves, without any external interference or guidance.
It showed the political maturity and vision of the Indian leaders, who tried to accommodate the diverse interests and aspirations of the Indian people.
It reflected the nationalist spirit and the desire for self-government among the Indians, who wanted to end the colonial rule and establish a democratic system.
It incorporated some progressive and liberal ideas, such as the declaration of rights, the federal system, the parliamentary system and the responsible government.
It failed to win the approval of the Muslim League and other minority groups, who felt that their rights and interests were not adequately safeguarded by the report.
It ignored some of the important demands of the Muslims, such as one-third representation in the central legislature, separate electorates with weightage, provincial autonomy and safeguards for Muslim culture and education.
It was dominated by the Congress and its Hindu supporters, who tried to impose their views on the other parties and communities.
It was rejected by the British government, who did not consider it as a basis for constitutional reforms in India.
Impact of Nehru Report on Indian Politics
The Nehru Report had a significant impact on the Indian politics, which can be summarized as follows:
It widened the gap between the Congress and the Muslim League, who could not reach a consensus on the constitutional framework for India.
It alienated many Muslim leaders from the Congress, who felt betrayed by its Hindu bias and its disregard for their demands. Some of them joined the Muslim League or formed their own parties.
It provoked a strong reaction from Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who declared his famous fourteen points as a counter-proposal to the Nehru Report. He also announced a 'parting of ways' with the Congress and became more vocal in his demand for a separate Muslim homeland.
It stimulated a radicalization of the Indian politics, as many Indians became disillusioned with the constitutional methods and resorted to more militant and revolutionary means to achieve independence.